Understanding demographic variables

Esri Redistricting uses demographic variables to help you create optimal redistricting plans. You may see demographic variables displayed on the District Window dialog box, reports, and charts.

In this topic, each of the demographic abbreviations and variables that you see in the application are displayed in a tabular format with a description to help you fully understand each demographic variable. Esri Redistricting contains the census data required for redistricting from the 2020, 2010, and the 2000 census.

Using the demographic information, you can add up the total percentage of demographics in a single district to equal 100 percent. To calculate this, be sure to turn on all demographic fields from the same demographic set. For each district, the sum of all demographic fields from the same demographic set equals 100 percent. Keep in mind that percentage values must come from the same district. Values cannot be calculated across multiple districts.

Note:

The demographic variables that are visible in the application depend on the configuration preferences of your organization. Below you will see a complete list of available demographic fields; however, keep in mind that your deployment of the application may contain a limited set of demographics.

The demographic variables that are visible in the application are the demographics the district plan owner enabled when the plan was published to the Redistricting Portal. Below you will see a complete list of available demographic fields; however, keep in mind that your district plan may contain a limited set of demographics.

By understanding the demographic variables that are available, you can create complex analysis to generate redistricting plans. For example, you can generate reports that are meaningful to your plan.

The tables below are divided into the following demographic sets:

Note:

Percent values for each of the demographics are also displayed in Esri Redistricting. Percent values have the letter P added to the demographic abbreviation. For example, while WHITE is the total of all individuals who chose white, WHITEP is the percentage of all individuals who chose white.

Universe

The term universe refers to the total population, which is the focus of study. The P.L. 94-171 population data contains a universe count of all persons by 1) total population and 2) total population by voting age population (18 and over). The universe values are determined from the P.L. 94-171, tables 1 and 3.

Demographic variableDemographic abbreviation (field name)PL item compositionDescription

Total

TOTAL

P0010001

Total population

Total voting age

TOTAL18

P0030001

All individuals 18 years of age or older

Demographic variables in the Universe set

Standard

The standard classifications are those that include 1) Hispanic or Latino and 2) Not Hispanic or Latino by race. The standard values are determined from the P.L. 94-171, table 2.

Demographic variableDemographic abbreviation (field name)PL item compositionDescription

Hispanic

TOTALHISP

P0020002

All individuals of any race who chose Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic

TOTALNH

P0020003

All individuals of any race who chose Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic white

WHITENH

P0020005

All individuals who chose white and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic black

BLACKNH

P0020006

P0020013

All individuals who chose Black either singly or in combination with white and chose Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic American Indian/ Alaskan Native

AIANNH

P0020007

P0020014

All individuals who chose American Indian or Alaskan Native either singly of in combinations with white and chose Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic Asian

ASIANNH

P0020008

P0020015

All individuals who chose Not Hispanic Asian either singly or in combination with white and chose Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander

HPINH

P0020009

P0020016

All individuals who chose Hawaiian of Other Pacific Islander either singly or in combination with white and chose Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic some other race

OTHERNH

P0020010

P0020017

All individuals who chose some other race either singly or in combinations with white and chose Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic two or more minority race

MLTMNNH

P0020018

P0020019

P0020020

P0020021

P0020022

P0020023

P0020024

P0020025

P0020026

P0020027

P0020028

P0020049

P0020065

P0020072

All individuals who chose two or more minority groups and may or may not have chosen white but did not select Hispanic.

Demographic variables in the Standard set

Standard VAP

The standard classifications are those that include 1) Hispanic or Latino and 2) Not Hispanic or Latino by race and include only those individuals 18 years of age or older (that is, the voting age population for a given demographic). The standard VAP values are determined from the P.L. 94-171, table 4.

Demographic variableDemographic abbreviation (field name)PL item compositionDescription

Hispanic voting age population

HISP18

P0040002

All individuals 18 years of age or older of any race who chose Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic voting age population

NONHISP18

P0040003

All individuals 18 years of age or older of any race who chose Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic white voting age population

WHITENH18

P0040005

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose white and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic black voting age population

BLACKNH18

P0040006

P0040013

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose Black either singly or in combination with white and chose Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic American Indian/ Alaskan Native voting age population

AIANNH18

P0040007

P0040014

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose American Indian or Alaskan Native either singly or in combination with white and chose Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic Asian voting age population

ASIANNH18

P0040008

P0040015

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose Asian either singly or in combination with white and chose Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander voting age population

HPINH18

P0040009

P0040016

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose Hawaiian of Other Pacific Islander either singly or in combination with white and chose Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic some other race voting age population

OTHERNH18

P0040010

P0040017

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose some other race either singly or in combination with white and chose Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic two or more minority race voting age population

MLTMNNH18

P0040018

P0040019

P0040020

P0040021

P0040022

P0040023

P0040024

P0040025

P0040026

P0040027

P0040028

P0040049

P0040065

P0040072

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose two or more minority races and chose Not Hispanic.

Demographic variables in the Standard VAP set

Alternative

The alternative classifications are those that include total population by race. The alternative values are determined from the P.L. 94-171, table 1.

Demographic variableDemographic abbreviation (field name)PL item compositionDescription

White

WHITE

P0010003

All individuals who chose white.

Black

BLACK

P0010004

P0010011

All individuals who chose Black either singly or in combination with white.

American Indian/ Alaskan Native

AIAN

P0010005

P0010012

All individuals who chose American Indian or Alaskan Native either singly or in combination with white.

Asian

ASIAN

P0010006

P0010013

All individuals who chose Asian either singly or in combination with white.

Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander

HPI

P0010007

P0010014

All individuals who chose Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander either singly or in combination with white.

Some other race

OTHER

P0010008

P0010015

All individuals who chose some other race either singly or in combination with white.

Two or more minority race

MLTMN

P0010016

P0010017

P0010018

P0010019

P0010020

P0010021

P0010022

P0010023

P0010024

P0010025

P0010026

P0010047

P0010063

P0010070

All individuals who chose two or more minority groups and may or may not have chosen white.

Demographic variables in the Alternative set

Alternative VAP

The alternative classifications are those that include total population by race, and include only those individuals 18 years of age or older (that is, the voting age population defined by the alternative population base). The alternative VAP values are determined from the P.L. 94-171, table 3.

Demographic variableDemographic abbreviation (field name)PL item compositionDescription

White voting age

WHITE18

P0030003

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose white.

Black voting age

BLACK18

P0030004

P0030011

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose Black either singly or in combination with white.

American Indian/ Alaskan Native voting age

AIAN18

P0030005

P0030012

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose American Indian or Alaskan Native either singly or in combination with white.

Asian voting age

ASIAN18

P0030006

P0030013

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose Asian either singly or in combination with white.

Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander voting age

HPI18

P0030007

P0030014

Al individuals 18 years of age or older who chose Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander either singly or in combination with white.

Some other race voting age

OTHER18

P0030008

P0030015

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose some other race either singly or in combination with white.

Two or more minority race voting age

MLTMN18

P0030016

P0030017

P0030018

P0030019

P0030020

P0030021

P0030022

P0030023

P0030024

P0030025

P0030026

P0030047

P0030063

P0030070

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose two or more minority races.

Demographic variables in the Alternative VAP set

OMB

The Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) uses self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether they are of Hispanic of Latino origin (ethnicity). The OMB values are determined from the P.L. 94-171, table 1.

Demographic variableDemographic abbreviation (field name)PL item compositionDescription

White [OMB]

G_WHITE

P0010003

All individuals who chose white only.

Black [OMB]

G_BLACK

P0010004

All individuals who chose black only.

American Indian/ Alaskan Native [OMB]

G_AIAN

P0010005

All individuals who chose American Indian/ Alaskan Native only.

Asian [OMB]

G_ASIAN

P0010006

All individuals who chose Asian only.

Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander [OMB]

G_HPI

P0010007

All individuals who chose Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only.

Other [OMB]

G_OTHER

P0010008

All individuals who chose some other race alone.

Black/ and white [OMB]

G_BLWH

P0010011

All individuals who chose black and white.

American Indian / Alaskan Native and white [OMB]

G_AIWH

P0010012

All individuals who chose American Indian/ Alaskan Native and Asian.

Asian/ white [OMB]

G_ASWH

P0010013

All individuals who chose Asian and white.

American Indian/ Alaskan Native and black [OMB]

G_AIBL

P0010016

All individuals who chose American Indian/ Alaskan Native and black.

Multiple Response [OMB]

G_MR

P0010014

P0010015

P0010017

P0010018

P0010019

P0010020

P0010021

P0010022

P0010023

P0010024

P0010025

P0010026

P0010047

P0010063

P0010070

All individuals who chose a combination of more than one race other than the four identified above.

Demographic variables in the OMB set

OMB VAP

The Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) uses self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether they are of Hispanic of Latino origin (ethnicity). The demographic information in this section is limited to those individuals 18 years of age or older (that is, the voting age population for data collected by the OMB). The OMB VAP values are determined from the P.L. 94-171, table 3.

Demographic variableDemographic abbreviation (field name)PL item compositionDescription

White voting age [OMB]

G_WHITE18

P0030003

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose white only.

Black voting age [OMB]

G_BLACK18

P0030004

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose black only.

American Indian/ Alaskan Native voting age [OMB]

G_AIAN18

P0030005

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose American Indian/Alaskan Native only.

Asian voting age [OMB]

G_ASIAN

P0030006

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose Asian only.

Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander voting age [OMB]

G_HPI18

P0030007

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only.

Other voting age [OMB]

G_OTHER18

P0030008

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose some other race alone.

Black and white voting age [OMB]

G_BLWH18

P0030011

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose black and white.

American Indian/ Alaskan Native and white voting age [OMB]

G_AIWH18

P0030012

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose American Indian/Alaskan Native and Asian.

Asian/ white voting age [OMB]

G_ASWH18

P0030013

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose Asian and white.

American Indian/ Alaskan Native and black voting age [OMB]

G_AIBL18

P0030016

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose American Indian/Alaskan Native and black.

Multiple response voting age [OMB]

G_MR18

P0030014

P0030015

P0030017

P0030018

P0030019

P0030020

P0030021

P0030022

P0030023

P0030024

P0030025

P0030026

P0030047

P0030063

P0030070

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose a combination of more than one race other than the four identified above.

Demographic variables in the OMB VAP set

OMB Non-Hispanic

The Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) uses self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether they are of Hispanic of Latino origin (ethnicity). The demographic information in this section is limited to those individuals who chose Not Hispanic. The OMB Non-Hispanic values are determined from the P.L. 94-171, table 2.

Demographic variableDemographic abbreviation (field name)PL item compositionDescription

Non-Hispanic white [OMB]

G_WHITENH

P0020005

All individuals who chose white only and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic black [OMB]

G_BLACKNH

P0020006

All individuals who chose black only and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic American Indian/ Alaskan Native [OMB]

G_AINNH

P0020007

All individuals who chose American Indian/Alaskan Native only and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic Asian [OMB]

G_ASNNH

P0020008

All individuals who chose Asian only and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander [OMB]

G_HINH

P0020009

All individuals who chose Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic Other [OMB]

G_OTHERNH

P0040010

All individuals who chose some other race alone and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic Black/ and white [OMB]

G_BLWHNH

P0020013

All individuals who chose black and white and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic American Indian / Alaskan Native and white [OMB]

G_AIWHNH

P0020014

All individuals who chose American Indian/Alaskan Native and Asian and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic Asian/ white [OMB]

G_ASWHNH

P0020015

All individuals who chose Asian and white and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic American Indian/ Alaskan Native and black [OMB]

G_AIBLNH

P0020018

All individuals who chose American Indian/Alaskan Native and black and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic Multiple Response [OMB]

G_MRNH

P0020016

P0020017

P0020019

P0020020

P0020021

P0020022

P0020023

P0020024

P0020025

P0020026

P0020027

P0020028

P0020049

P0020065

P0020072

All individuals who chose a combination of more than one race other than the four identified above and Not Hispanic.

Demographic variables in the OMB Non-Hispanic set

OMB Non-Hispanic VAP

The Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) uses self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether they are of Hispanic of Latino origin (ethnicity). The demographic information in this section is limited to those individuals who chose Not Hispanic and are 18 years of age or older (that is, the voting age population for data collected by OMB). The OMB Non-Hispanic VAP values are determined from the P.L. 94-171, table 4.

Demographic variableDemographic abbreviation (field name)PL item compositionDescription

Non-Hispanic white voting age [OMB]

G_WHNH18

P0040005

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose white only and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic black voting age [OMB]

G_BLNH18

P0040006

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose black only and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic American Indian/ Alaskan Native voting age [OMB]

G_AINH18

P0040007

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose American Indian/Alaskan Native only and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic Asian [OMB]

G_ASNH18

P0040008

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose Asian only and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander voting age [OMB]

G_HPINH18

P0040009

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic Other voting age [OMB]

G_OTHNH18

P0040010

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose some other race alone and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic Black/ and white voting age [OMB]

G_BLWNH18

P0040013

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose black and white and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic American Indian / Alaskan Native and white voting age [OMB]

G_AIWNH18

P0040014

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose American Indian/Alaskan Native and Asian and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic Asian/ white voting age [OMB]

G_ASWNH18

P0040015

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose Asian and white and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic American Indian/ Alaskan Native and black voting age [OMB]

G_AIBNH18

P0040018

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose American Indian/Alaskan Native and black and Not Hispanic.

Non-Hispanic Multiple Response voting age [OMB]

G_MRNH18

P0040016

P0040017

P0040019

P0040020

P0040021

P0040022

P0040023

P0040024

P0040025

P0040026

P0040027

P0040028

P0040049

P0040065

P0040072

All individuals 18 years of age or older who chose a combination of more than one race other than the four identified above and Not Hispanic.

Demographic variables in the OMB Non-Hispanic VAP set