Create a Buffer/Drive time analysis layer


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You can create a Buffer/Drive time analysis layer. Review Buffer/Drive time analysis for more information about this analysis layer type that calculates the time or distance between locations based on parameters such as travel mode, situational traffic, and other variables.

The Create Buffer/Drive time area tab


You need to sign in to access the analysis tools.

To create a Buffer/Drive time analysis layer, complete the following steps:

  1. From the map tools, click AnalysisAnalysis.

    The analysis tools appear. The Measure tab is open by default.

  2. Click the Create buffer/Drive time area tab Create Buffer/Drive time area.
  3. From the Input layer (or features) drop-down menu, choose where to frame the analysis.
  4. From the Analysis type drop-down menu, choose an analysis type.
    • To use a distance-based analysis, choose  Ring buffer, Driving distance, Trucking distance, Walking distance, or Rural driving distance. Set the measurement unit using the drop-down menu and change the distance using the text box or arrow buttons.
    • To use a time-based analysis, choose Driving time, Trucking time, Walking time, or Rural driving time. Set the measurement unit using the drop-down menu and change the amount of time using the text box or arrow buttons.
  5. If you selected Driving time, Trucking time, or  Rural driving time, make a selection from the Use traffic drop-down menu to include one of the following:
    • Do not use traffic—The default setting. Does not use any traffic conditions.
    • Use live traffic—Calculate travel time based on current traffic conditions. Use the slider to offset live traffic conditions up to four hours from the current time.
    • Traffic based on typical conditions—Set a day of the week and time of day on which to base traffic calculations. When adding time, choose an option from the drop-down menu or add a value manually. Use the 12-hour or 24-hour time clock. The default value  of 12:00 a.m. is used for invalid time values.

      The driving speed and length of time is calculated from a combination of historical and live traffic data.

  6. Choose a Travel direction option from the drop-down menu.

    You can calculate time and distance toward or away from the selected input features.

    This option is available for all analysis types except the Ring buffer option.

  7. If you selected a travel distance or time, from the Buffer style drop-down menu, choose Overlap or Dissolve.


    Each feature's resulting geometry is represented as a unique feature.


    Overlapping geometries are merged into a single feature.

  8. Type a name for the layer in the Result layer name text box.
  9. Click Run analysis.

    When you run the analysis, the results are saved as a new layer on the map and the result layer appears in the Layers list.

    The layer is also saved to your ArcGIS Online or ArcGIS Enterprise content.

Buffer/Drive time measurement units

The following Buffer/Drive time measurement units are used:

MeasurementAnalysis typeMaximum unit


Ring buffer

  • 4,000 miles
  • 21,120,000 feet
  • 6,437.37 kilometers
  • 6,437,376 meters

Driving, Trucking, or Rural driving distance

  • 300 miles
  • 1,584,000 feet
  • 482.8 kilometers
  • 482,803 meters

Walking distance

  • 27 miles
  • 142,560 feet
  • 43.45 kilometers
  • 43,452.3 meters


Driving, Trucking, or Rural driving time

  • 300 minutes
  • 5 hours

Walking time

  • 540 minutes
  • 9 hours

You can use decimals in the Time text box, such as 18.2 minutes.