When a layer contains a large number of point features, showing each feature individually on the map is often not useful. In this scenario, point features often overlap, making it difficult to distinguish between features. Even when they do not overlap, it is usually difficult or impossible to visually extract meaningful information when hundreds or thousands of points are shown all at once.
One approach to resolving this issue is to group point features within a certain distance of one another on-screen into one symbol. This is known as clustering. Since the clustering is dependent on screen distance, more points are aggregated into fewer groups as you zoom out. Conversely, points are divided into more and more groups as you zoom in. When you zoom to a level where the clustering area around one point feature no longer contains any other features, that feature will not be clustered but rather will be shown in its location with the styling specified by the layer.
Clusters are interactive; when you click on a cluster, each individual point feature in the cluster appears on the map. The cluster's pop-up contains a separate page for each feature; use the forward and back arrows in the pop-up's title bar to scroll through pop-ups for each feature. Although you cannot change the default style of a single cluster, you can change the basic color that applies to all clusters and the color of the text that appears within a cluster. In the screen captures below, the image on the left displays the points with clustering enabled, and the image on the right does not have clustering enabled.
If you styled a point layer using shapes grouped by category, the clusters will display a pie chart showing the ratio of different categories within that cluster. As you zoom in, the cluster is divided into smaller groups and the pie chart changes to reflect the information in the new cluster.
- On the Contents pane, click the settings icon to the right of the point layer for which you want to configure clustering.
- Click Cluster points.
- Click the On/Off selector under the layer to turn on clustering for the layer.
The map automatically displays the default properties for clustering symbols for the layer.
To turn off clustering, click the On/Off selector again.
- Do any of the following to configure clustering for the layer:
- To change the distance at which points will be grouped together in a cluster, use the - or + buttons or enter a new pixel value between 0 and 50 in the Cluster radius box.
- To change the color of the text on the cluster symbols, click the Cluster number color drop-down menu and select a new color.
- To change the color of the cluster symbol, click the Cluster color drop-down menu and select a new color.
The map automatically updates to reflect the new cluster settings.
- Click OK when you are finished.