When a layer contains a large number of point features, showing each feature individually on the map is often not useful. In this scenario, point features often overlap, making it difficult to distinguish between features. Even when they do not overlap, it's usually difficult or impossible to visually extract meaningful information when hundreds or thousands of points are shown all at once.
One approach to resolving this issue is to group point features within a certain distance of one another on screen into one symbol. This is known as clustering. Since the clustering is dependent on screen distance, more points are aggregated into fewer groups as you zoom out. Conversely, points are divided into more and more groups as you zoom in. When you zoom to a level where the clustering area around one point feature no longer contains any other features, that feature will not be clustered but rather will be shown in its location with the styling specified by the layer.
Clusters are interactive: when you click a cluster, each individual point feature in the cluster appears on the map. The cluster's pop-up contains a separate page for each feature; use the forward and back arrows in the pop-up's title bar to scroll through pop-ups for each feature. Although you cannot change the default style of a single cluster, you can change the basic color that applies to all clusters, and the color of the text that appears within a cluster. In the following screen captures, the image on the left displays the points with clustering enabled, and the image on the right does not have clustering enabled:
If you style a point layer using shapes grouped by category, the clusters will display a pie chart showing the ratio of different categories within that cluster. As you zoom in, the cluster is divided into smaller groups, and the pie chart changes to reflect the information in the new cluster.
For more information about styling a point layer using shapes, see Change a layer's style.
Clustering can be applied while working with maps in ArcGIS Maps for Office. When sharing a layer to ArcGIS, clustering is turned off. If you want to share the clusters, share the layer as part of a map. See Share a map on ArcGIS.
- Click Cluster Points on the ArcGIS Maps ribbon.
The Cluster points pane opens.
- From the Layer drop-down menu, choose the layer for which you want to configure clustering.
- Click the On/Off selector beside Clustering to turn on clustering for the layer.
The map automatically displays the default clustering symbols for the layer.
To turn off clustering, click the On/Off selector again.
- Do any of the following to configure clustering for the layer:
- To change the distance at which points will be grouped together in a cluster, enter a new pixel value in the Cluster radius box.
- To change the color of the text on the cluster symbols, click the Cluster number color drop-down menu and choose a new color.
- To change the color of the cluster symbol, click the Cluster color drop-down menu and choose a new color.
The map automatically updates to reflect the new cluster settings.
- Click OK to close the Cluster points pane.