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Interactive analysis

Use the interactive analysis tools described below in ArcGIS Earth.

Elevation profile

The Elevation Profile tool allows you to create a profile graph to visualize elevation change over a continuous distance from a path. You can create an interactive elevation profile graph for a drawing line or a measured path while you sketch on the map.

Elevation Profile Illustration

Create an elevation profile

Complete the following steps to create an elevation profile:

  1. Click Interactive analysis Interactive analysis on the toolbar, and choose Elevation Profile Elevation Profile.
  2. Sketch the path by clicking in the scene, and double-click to finish.

    Once finished, the profile graph is generated and displayed in the Elevation Profile. The y-axis of the chart displays the elevation, and the x-axis of the chart displays the continuous horizontal distance.

  3. In the Elevation Profile, do any of the following:
    • Hover over a point to highlight it on the profile graph and check its corresponding elevation and distance value.
    • Double-click the profile graph and zoom to the point in the scene.
    • To lock the highlight to a specific point, press the Spacebar.
    • To flip the elevation profile direction, click Flip direction Flip direction.
    • To export the profile graph as an image, click Export image Export image.

To create an elevation profile for existing line features in ArcGIS Earth, do either of the following:

  • Right-click the drawing line element in the table of contents and choose Elevation Profile.
  • Check the Elevation Profile check box while you measure a line or path with the Measure tool.

Tip:
Press Spacebar to lock the pointer on elevation profile.
Note:
  • ArcGIS Earth calculates the geodesic distance when you generate the elevation profile.
  • If your elevation measurement is always zero, make sure the terrain is enabled in the Basemap and Terrain.
  • Change measurement units for elevation and distance from application Settings.

Interactive line of sight

Line of sight analysis draws a line between the observer point and the target point, and indicates the visibility (visible or obstructed) along the line between the given points. With ArcGIS Earth, you can interactively add, edit, and visualize dynamic line of sight analysis results that are calculated against the current contents displayed in the 3D scene.

Start a line of sight analysis by clicking in the scene to specify the observer and target positions. To change their locations, drag to move a selected point through the view. You can update line of sight properties and apply the changes in real time.

Interactive line of sight

OptionParameterDescription

Observer

Coordinates

Location coordinates of the line of sight observer.

Z

Absolute elevation of the line of sight observer.

Z offset (model)

The vertical offset distance applied to the height where the animation model is placed.

Target

Coordinates

Location coordinates of the line of sight target.

Z

Absolute elevation of the line of sight target.

Color scheme

Indicates visible and obstructed line segments. Choose from three color schemes.

Line of Sight
Line of sight analysis with one observer and multiple targets. The visible segment is in green and the obstructed segment is in red.

ArcGIS Earth provides three options for interactive line of sight analysis: From point, From camera, and Animation.

Create a line of sight from a point

This option allows you to apply one or multiple lines of sight analysis to the scene by specifying the location of observer point and locations of target points.

  1. Click Interactive analysis Interactive analysis on the toolbar.
  2. Click Line of sight Line of sight and choose From point on the tab.
  3. Click the scene to add an observer.
  4. Add one or more targets and double-click to finish.
    Tip:
    You can add one line of sight at a time, or multiple lines of sight, which include one observer and multiple targets.
  5. Repeat steps 2 through 4 to add more lines of sight, or explore the analysis results in the scene.
  6. To change the location of an observer or a target, select and drag to move it, or edit its coordinates in the upper pane.
  7. Delete one or more line of sight results by selecting the observer or target and press the Delete key.

Create a line of sight from the camera

This option allows you to apply one or multiple lines of sight analysis in the scene by defining the scene view camera position as a line of sight observer.

  1. Click Interactive analysis Interactive analysis on the toolbar.
  2. Click Line of sight Line of sight and choose From camera on the tab.
  3. Navigate and adjust the camera position. Click to add one or more targets to the scene and double-click to finish.
  4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 to add more lines of sight, or explore the analysis results in the scene.
    Tip:
    You can add one line of sight at a time, or multiple lines of sight, which include one observer and multiple targets.
  5. To change the location of an observer or a target, select and drag to move it, or edit its coordinates in the upper pane.
  6. Delete one or more line of sight results by selecting the observer or target and press the Delete key.

Create an animated line of sight

This option allows you to apply line of sight analysis along a selected line. This tool helps you determine line of sight visibility by adopting a moving observer that moves along a path; for example, the observer could be a car passing by or a drone flying through. You can add one or more line of sight targets and perform analysis from different locations.

  1. Click Interactive analysis Interactive analysis on the toolbar.
  2. Click Line of sight Line of sight and choose Animation on the tab.
  3. In Select line, specify the drawing line the observer will move along. Choose a vehicle or aircraft model based on your analysis scenario.
    • The menu lists drawing lines with draped or absolute altitude in the table of contents. Lines with relative altitude are not available.
    • The line of sight observer is placed on the selected line. By default, the analysis is performed from the front-bottom of the moving observer with the vertical offset of 2 meters.
    • Click the model and edit vertical offset of the observer in the upper pane.
  4. Click to add one or more targets and double-click to finish.
  5. To change the location of a target, select and drag to move it, or edit its coordinates in the upper pane.
  6. Click Start animation Start animation to start playing, and click it again to stop playing.
    • You can change color scheme, adjust animation speed or switch animation model while playing.
    • Stop playing to update vertical offset of the moving observer, edit location of an existing target, or add more targets.
  7. Delete one or more line of sight results by selecting the target and press the Delete key.

The analysis results displayed for interactive line of sight are temporary and are not saved to ArcGIS Earth workspace. To share your work, you can save a screen capture of the current view as an image.

Tip:
While you add an observer or target, press T+Click if you want to add a draped point to the terrain surface.
Note:

  • Maximum number of display for line of sight analysis is 63. A warning message appears once it has been exceeded.
  • Line of sight analysis are calculated based on elevation tiles. Therefore, although the observer and target do not change, analysis result would change with the level of details display of elevation tiles.
  • Line turns gray when the observer or target is off screen and there's no obstruction between them. Gray lines indicate that current visibility is unknown and cannot be reliably evaluated.
  • Change display units for location, distance and elevation form application Settings.

Interactive viewshed

Viewshed analysis indicates the visibility (visible or obstructed) of an area giving a specified viewpoint. With ArcGIS Earth, you can interactively add, edit, and visualize dynamic viewshed analysis results that are calculated against the contents in the 3D scene.

Start a viewshed analysis by clicking in the scene to specify the observer position. To its change location, drag to move the point through the view. You can update viewshed properties and apply the changes in real time.

Interactive viewshed

OptionParameterDescription

Observer

Coordinates

Location coordinates of the viewshed observer.

Z

Absolute elevation of the viewshed observer.

Z offset (model)

The vertical offset distance applied to the height where the animation model is placed.

Viewshed parameters

Heading

The heading of the viewshed. Values range from -180 to 180 degrees.

Tilt

The tilt of the viewshed. Values range from -90 to 90 degrees.

Horizontal angle

The horizontal angle of the field of view. Values range from 1 to 360 degrees.

Vertical angle

The vertical angle of the field of view. Values range from 1 to 360 degrees.

Range

Specifies the minimum and maximum distance from the observer. Distance ranges from 0 to 5000 meters.

Color scheme

Indicates visible and obstructed areas. Choose from three color schemes.

Viewshed
Viewshed analysis which the visible area is in cyan and the obstructed area is in magenta.

ArcGIS Earth provides three options for interactive viewshed analysis: From point, From camera, and Animation.

Create a viewshed from a point

This option allows you to apply one or multiple viewshed analysis in the scene by specifying the observer location.

  1. Click Interactive analysis Interactive analysis on the toolbar.
  2. Click Viewshed Viewshed and choose From point on the tab.
  3. Click the scene to add an observer, and update the viewshed parameters with sliders.
  4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 to add more viewsheds, or explore the analysis results in the scene.
  5. To change the location of a viewshed, select and drag to move it, or edit its coordinates in the upper pane.
  6. Delete viewshed results by selecting the observer and press the Delete key.

Create a viewshed from the camera

This option allows you to apply one or multiple viewshed analysis in the scene by defining the scene view camera position as a viewshed observer.

  1. Click Interactive analysis Interactive analysis on the toolbar.
  2. Click Viewshed Viewshed and choose From camera on the tab.
  3. Navigate and adjust the camera position. Click Apply camera Apply camera to create a viewshed in the scene. Update the viewshed parameters with sliders.
  4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 to add more viewsheds, or explore the analysis results in the scene.
  5. To change the location of an observer, select and drag to move it, or edit its coordinates in the upper pane.
  6. Delete viewshed results by selecting the observer and press the Delete key.

Create an animated viewshed

This option allows you to apply viewshed analysis along a selected line. This tool helps you determine viewshed visibility by adopting a moving observer that moves along a path, and allows you to visualize results while following the moving observer.

  1. Click Interactive analysis Interactive analysis on the toolbar.
  2. Click Viewshed Viewshed and choose Animation on the tab.
  3. In Select line, specify the drawing line the observer will move along. Choose a vehicle or aircraft model based on your analysis scenario.
    • The menu lists drawing lines with draped or absolute altitude in the table of contents. Lines with relative altitude are not available.
    • The viewshed observer is placed on the selected line. By default, the analysis is performed from the center of the moving observer with the vertical offset of 2 meters.
    • Click the model and edit vertical offset of the observer in the upper pane.
  4. Click Start animation Start animation to start playing, and click it again to stop playing.
    • By default, heading of the viewshed is consistent with heading of the selected line while following the moving observer. You can stop following and edit the heading parameter by clicking in the scene and adjust the camera position.
    • You can change color scheme and viewshed parameters, adjust animation speed or switch animation model while playing.
    • Stop playing to update the vertical offset of the moving observer.

The analysis results display for interactive viewshed are automatically cleared when you switch or exit the tool. They are temporary and are not saved to ArcGIS Earth workspace. To share your work, you can save a screen capture of the current view as an image.

Tip:
While you add an observer, press T+Click if you want to add a draped point to the terrain surface.
Note:

  • Maximum number of displayed for viewshed analysis is 16. A warning message appears once it has been exceeded.
  • Viewshed analysis are calculated based on elevation tiles. Therefore, although the observer do not change, analysis result would change with the level of details display of elevation tiles.
  • Change display units for location, distance and elevation form application Settings.